Results of astronomical observations made during the years 1834, 5, 6, 7, 8, at the Cape of Good Hope; being the completion of a telescopic survey of the whole surface of the visible heavens, commenced in 1825, by Sir John F. W. Herschel, Bart., K. H.
Item ID 72728
London, Smith, Elder and Co., 1847. Large 4to (31.2 x 25.2 cm). Engraved, tissue-guarded frontispiece; title page, 474 pp. [xx, 452 (ii) (errata)]; 17 lithographed plates (several much larger, multi-folded); several engraved text illustrations, including a nice tailpiece. Original, elaborately blind-stamped, ruled cloth. Spine with gilt title. Yellow endpapers. Top edge gilt. Important contribution, with a detailed introduction, of Herschel’s important work on the astronomy of the southern hemisphere, which includes, for instance, the first systematical naming of the satellites of Saturn after mythical creatures, which has been in use ever since. Sir John Frederick William Herschel, 1st Baronet KH FRS (1792-1871) "was an English polymath, mathematician, astronomer, chemist, inventor, and experimental photographer, who invented the blueprint. Herschel originated the use of the Julian day system in astronomy. He named seven moons of Saturn and four moons of Uranus. He made many contributions to the science of photography, and investigated colour blindness and the chemical power of ultraviolet rays; his Preliminary Discourse (1831), which advocated an inductive approach to scientific experiment and theory building, was an important contribution to the philosophy of science. Herschel's voyage to South Africa was made in order to catalogue the stars, nebulae, and other objects of the southern skies. This was to be a completion as well as extension of the survey of the northern heavens undertaken initially by his father William Herschel. He arrived in Cape Town on 15 January 1834 and set up a private 21 ft (6.4 m) telescope at Feldhausen at Claremont, a suburb of Cape Town. Amongst his other observations during this time was that of the return of Comet Halley. Herschel collaborated with Thomas Maclear, the Astronomer Royal at the Cape of Good Hope and the members of the two families became close friends. During this time, he also witnessed the Great Eruption of Eta Carinae (December, 1837)" (Wikipedia). The present work also deals with (new) comets, sunspots, double stars, etc. Rare to see in an original – publisher’s – cloth binding, as it known to become fragile. Only some slight loss at spine top and foot, and a short cut in fore-edge; internally a clean, unmarked, indeed flawless copy. Very rare in this state. Houzeau and Lancaster II, 704, 1445, 1523, 1641, 1701, 1708. Discoveries in the southern hemisphere: Herschel's large telescope in action