27 original 19th-Century watercolour sketches of Australia.
Item ID 67448
Australia, not published, [n.d., but 1891]. Mostly ca. 18 x 13 cm, some larger (up to 23.0 x 14.0 cm) or smaller (the smallest 17.5 x 6.0 cm). Some with hand-written captions. Born in Florence, Italy, Arnold Henry Savage Landor (1865-1924), was a successful painter and daring explorer. He is famous for his travels in Tibet ( In the Forbidden Land and Tibet and Nepal were books he wrote of his travels there), where he endured terrible adversities. Another of his famous voyages was to Africa, and is described in his book Across Widest Africa . In 1891, on one of his early voyages, he visited Australia, where he painted a portrait of Sir Henry Parkes, the Prime Minister of New South Wales, which excited much admiration in Sydney because of its striking resemblance. While in Sydney, Landor also painted the portrait of the African explorer Sir Henry Morton Stanley. This voyage to Australia never turned into a book. He nearly circumnavigated the continent, as views include Port Darwin, Brisbane, Townsville and Castle Hill, the harbour of Hobart, etc., and several landscapes still to be identified. En route in Australia he painted the landscape, mainly near anchorages, in bays, in mountainous areas or near small towns. Quite a large number of the watercolours show ships in them. This suite of 27 paintings shows his true craftsmanship. We have listed them as follows:  - Flinders Group. Queensland. (13.8 x 11.4 cm);  - Townsville. [Queensland] (13.8 x 11.4 cm);  - Albany Pass. Cape York. [Queensland] (13.8 x 11.4 cm);  - Restoration Rock. [Queensland] Australia (17.6 x 12.6 cm);  - Brisbane. [Queensland] (17.7 x 12.6 cm);  - Jasmine’s House. Cape York. [Queensland] (17.6 x 12.6 cm);  - Castle Hill. Flinders Group. [Queensland] (17.6 x 12.6 cm);  - Cooktown? Cook bay? (13.4 x 12.6 cm);  - Port Darwin. [Northern Territory] (17.6 x 12.6 cm);  - Hobart. [Tasmania] (22.9 x 11.0 cm);  - Hobart. [A steamship with 3 masts] (22.9 x 14.2 cm);  - Thursday Island. [Queensland] (17.6 x 12.6 cm);  - Brisbane [Queensland] (17.7 x 12.6 cm);  - [unidentified island? with small town/harbour with a mountain on top of which is a church, perhaps Cooktown in northern Queensland] (17.6 x 12.6 cm);  - Jim Jim Falls? [Northern territory] (17.7 x 12.8 cm);  - [View of mountains, probably Northern territory] (17.7 x 12.6 cm);  - Coastal view with bays and mountains painted from a high point, [Northern Territory?] (22.8 x 14.1 cm);  - View of a shrine with cross on a mountain with the sea in the background, [Northern Territory?] (22.9 x 14.1 cm); [19-27] [Views of the Australian coast, including one on Cook Town] (various sizes between 12.6 x 4.25 cm and 22.8 x 14.1 cm). Jasmine’s House, Cape York, has an interesting story: In 1839, John Jardine (1807-1874) sailed with his wife for Sydney. They settled on the Coralgie run near Wellington. In 1858 he moved to Queensland and in 1861 he was appointed police magistrate and gold commissioner at Rockhampton. When the new settlement of Somerset was established at Cape York in 1863, he became police magistrate and with his third son, John, he erected the first buildings. He served as magistrate until December 1865 when he returned to his old office at Rockhampton. He died there on 27 February 1874, survived by his wife, five sons and two daughters. His eldest son, Francis Lascelles, was born in 1841. When his father was posted to Somerset, Frank and his brother Alexander overlanded 42 horses and 250 cattle. Accompanied by four Europeans and four Aboriginals they left Rockhampton on 14 May 1864. On the ten months' trek of 1200 miles (1931 km) they were constantly harassed by Aboriginals, forced their way through jungles, scrub and swamps and crossed at least six large rivers. At the Mitchell River on 13 December they withstood a major Aboriginal attack. Clad in tatters, wearing hats of emu skin and living on turkey eggs, they reached Somerset on 2 March 1865 with 12 horses and 50 cattle. In 1866 Frank settled on a station near Somerset and was appointed police magistrate in 1868. On 10 October 1873 at Somerset Jardine married the seventeen-year-old Sana Solia, niece of the King of Samoa; they had two sons and two daughters. After the government station was moved to Thursday Island in 1877, Jardine's home at Somerset was the centre of civilization on Cape York. Elaborate dinners for visiting dignitaries were served on silver plate made from Spanish dollars found by Jardine on a reef in 1890. Three exhibitions of Landor's paintings were displayed in 1959-1960 by the British Council in the Palazzo del Drago at Rome, in the Palazzo Antinori in Florence and in Naples at the British Consulate. It is possible he wanted to return to Australia in order to get more material for a book. All watercolours in a very good state; clean and without foxing. A unique and important collection. Landor's illustrations of Australia - not used in any book