Acta Helvetica, Physico-Mathematico-Anatomico-Botanico-Medica, figuris aeneis illustrata & in usus publicos exarata. I-V.
Item ID 11121
Basel, Johann Rudolph Im-Hof, 1751-1762. Five volumes in two. 4to (20.0 x 16.5 cm). Titles in red and black. 1764 pp. [I(1751) (vi), 104, 72; II(1755) (iv), 272; III(1758)(iv), 442; IV(1760) (viii), 412, (x); V(1762): (vi), 424]; 57 folded engraved plates and two folded tables. Uniform contemporary full calf. Spines with four raised bands, tan morocco labels with black titles. All edges red. Rare start of the first Swiss scientific journal, of which only nine volumes have been published (1751-1787). It was only a few years after the foundation of the physical society in Zürich that this journal came into being, chiefly through the initiative of the famous printer Imhof, or Im-Hof. The success was immediate as several famous scientists contributed, viz.: Th. Haller, J. Sulzer, J. H. Lambert, J. Zwinger, Daniel Bernoulli, A. von Haller, etc.. The journal deals mainly with natural history, medicine, and physics. The publications by the famous mathematician Johann Heinrich Lambert include the following: 1. “Tentamen de vi caloris, que corpora dilatat ejusque dimensione”. Lambert's first publication, prepared with many experiments and written for the "Acta Helveticae". It treats the expansion of fluids and bodies under heat. A logarithmic curve fitting the expansion is derived, but many questions are left unanswered. These are taken up later in Lambert's work on hygrometry and pyrometry. 2. “Observationes variae in mathesin puram”. Originally planned as a treatise on decimal periods (Dec. 1753), Lambert developed this theme throughout 1754, but in Aug. 1755 decided to add his ideas on trinomials and their solution methods to the treatise. It was written 1757 and sent to the "Acta Helvetica". Many topics developed in this paper, that contains some of the most important mathematical ideas Lambert ever conceived, were pursued in later years. 3.“Observationes meteorologicae curiae Rhaetorum habitae, una cum variis in eas animadversionibus”. This treatise contains Lambert's meteorological observations made in Chur during the years 1755-1756. The measuring instruments employed are a barometer, a hygrometer and a thermometer. Lambert's meteorological interests, pursued throughout his scientific career, were originally stimulated by a correspondence with Daniel Bernoulli and most probably by reading Petrus van Musschenbroek's work. 4. “Theoria staterum ex principiis mechanices universalis exposita”. In this work a theory of balance is developed. 5. “De variationibus altitudinum barometricarum a luna pendentibus” This treatise bundles Lambert's barometric observations during the years 1754-1757. It is shown that the moon has no apparent influence on the pressure of the atmosphere. Daniel Bernouilli (1700-1782) also has several works in this journal, including "Diverses reflexions sur la physique générale" (parts I and II). Further, there are early works on mycology by Schlotterbach (see Volbracht), malacological contributions by the same author, and botanical works by Gronovius. Small old stamp on title pages of volumes I and IV, otherwise a very good, clean set. Johann Heinrich Lambert (1728-1777) Collected Works - Sämtliche Werke Online (available on the internet); Volbracht, 1760. The most important Swiss scientific journal