Esper, E. J. C.
Freshwater Sponge. [Plate XXIII From: "Die Pflanzenthiere in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Farben erleuchtet nebst Beschreibungen"].
Nürnberg, Raspe, 1791. Original, hand-coloured engraved plate (28.0 x 21.0 cm).
From the magnum opus of Eugenius Johann Christoph Esper (1742-1810), professor at the Königlich Preussischen Friedrichs-Alexanders Universität zu Erlangen. This plate was published as part of a grand work on corals and sponges. It is by far the most important work that he wrote on his own. Using the Linnaean system he described and illustrated an immense number of corals and sponges. The present plate shows a green freshwater sponge, described by Linnaeus as Spongia lacustris (lake sponge). A fine, clean copy. Cat. BM(NH) p. 542; Nissen ZBI, 1315.